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Tuesday, March 22, 2011

Mount Bromo, An Exciting Volcano

Coordinates: 7°56′30″S 112°57′00″E / 7.94167°S 112.95°E / -7.94167; 112.95

Goto Mount Bromo Map

Mountain Bromo is the white-plumed, higest: Mount Semeru - Indonesian Mountain
Bromo is the white-plumed, higest: Mt. Semeru, front: Mt. Batok
Mount Bromo is an active stratovolcano and has a height of 2.329 meters (7.848 ft) above sea level. It is located in four regions, namely Probolinggo, Pasuruan, Lumajang, and Malang (East Java, Indonesisa). It is included in Tengger massif (also included in Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park). From the Juanda International Airport, Mount Bromo was about 65.9 kilometers (40.95 miles) away.

Mount Bromo us the most well known one, but it's not the highest peak at Tengger. The highest peak at Tengger massif is Mount Batok. The Body shape of Mount Bromo is mesh between valleys and canyons with the caldera or the sea of sands covering some 10 square kilometers. Mount Bromo has a crater with a diameter of ± 800 feets (north-south) and ± 600 meters (east-west). The danger area is a circle with a radius of 4 km from the central crater of Bromo.

Indonesia's Mount Bromo Eruption 2010
November, 26th 2010 eruption
The eruption of Mount Bromo is very often. According to it history, Mount Bromo have erupted at 2010, 2004, 2001, 1995, 1984, 1983, 1980, 1972, 1956, 1955, 1950, 1948, 1940, 1939, 1935, 1930, 1929, 1928, 1922, 1921, 1915, 1916, 1910, 1909, 1907, 1908, 1907, 1906, 1907. But the eruption characteristics of Mount Bromo is low volcanic (effusive), not like Merapi that is high volcanic (explosive). In the event of an eruption, Bromo vomited material in the form of sand and ash. Therefore, the sea of sands is formed.

Indonesia's Mount Bromo Eruption Early 2011
January, 22nd 2011 eruption
The last eruption sequences start in 2010, on Friday 26 November 2010. The Bromo Caldera was still active in late January 2011, the activity being characterised by fluctuating ongoing eruptions. Since 19 December, 2010 volcanic ash and incandescent material had been thrown up by eruptive activity resulting in a heavy rain of materials that fell around the crater.

The 1974's eruption was the greatest in the history of Mount Bromo. However, the radius of it eruption is 'only' 6-10 kilometers. Local people only use the traditional cap to protect themselves from rain of ashes. The danger things from the eruption is yellowish smokes from sulfur. This smoke can harm the human breathing.

Hindu's Temple at Bromo Mountain - Indonesia Mountain
The building at the desert is a Hindus temple
Alike with Mount Agung, Mount Bromo is very strong with religious nuances. For the residents of Bromo, Tengger tribe, Mount Brahma (Bromo), believed to be a sacred mountain. At the sands sea of foothill, we can met the Hindus temple.

Once a year the Tengger community held a ceremony Yadnya Kasada or Kasodo. The ceremony was held at a temple that is located under the foothill of Mount Bromo. On the fourteenth day of this Hindus festival, the Tenggerese people travel up the mountain in order to make offerings of fruit, rice, vegetables, flowers and sacrifices of livestock to the mountain gods by throwing them into the caldera of the volcano. The origin of the ritual is a legend from the 15th century.

The sea ​​of ​​sands is the uniqueness of Mount Bromo, where in this section is not overgrown with plants. At this area, the tourists often ride horse to enjoy their journeys. Temperature of Bromo region is between 5-14 Celsius degrees. From the deserts of Bromo we can go up to Mount Batok, the Mountain Kursi, as well as Mount Pananjakan. In the region of Mount Bromo are often found the very amazing panoramic views.

To go to Mount Bromo from Juanda international airport, you have to find a bus majors to Probolinggo regency.
  1. if you get down in Pasuruan, you must choose to cease down at Wonokitri village, district of Tosari, Pasuruan. From here you can continue the journey towards Mt. Penanjakan first, or go to the sea of sands and then to the summit of Mt. Bromo. Mt. Pananjakan is the best viewpoint to Mt. Bromo.
  2. if your trip end at Probolinggo regency, you must ensure that you was ended at Ngadisari village, district of Sukapura. From Ngadisari village, the Cemoro Lawang town, gateway to the desert around Mount Bromo, is only 3 kilometers. This is the major access point.

The other way, you can go to Mt. Bromo through Malang regency. From this, you must select the transport majors to Tumpang.

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** indonesian mountain **


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